Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Chemistry, Camp Education Society DrArvind B. Telang College of Arts, Science & Commerce Akurdi, Pune, Affiliated to Pune University

2 Department of Chemistry, Fergusson college (Autonomous) Pune-411007

3 Department of Chemistry, Prof. Ramkrishna More Sr. College of Arts, science and commerce, Akurdi ,Pune 411035, Affiliated to Pune University


The establishment of nanotechnology, nanoparticles from gold (Au NPs) is one of the extensive attention due to the presence of important properties. In this study,the green synthesis of gold NPs from the extract of Neem, Apta, and Umber plants is reported. The obtained AuNPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectrum and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). Since all the plants (bark)show FCC face-centered cube structure as FCC as permitted reflection is (111),(200),(220),(311) and gold nanoparticles show maximum wavelength in the range of 520 nm to 680 nm.

Graphical Abstract

Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles using extract of Ginger, Neem, Apta, Umber plants and Their Characterization using XRD, UV-Vis spectrophotometer


Main Subjects

[1] J.N. Anker, W.P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N.C. Shah, J. Zhao, R.P. Van Duyne, Biosensing with plasmonicnanosensors,Nat. Mater., 2008, 7, 442–453. [Crossref], [Google Scholar],[Publisher]
[2] P.V.Kamat,Photophysical, Photochemical and Photocatalytic Aspects of Metal Nanoparticles,J. Phys. Chem. B.,2002, 106, 7729–7744. [[Crossref], [Google Scholar][Publisher]
[3] S.V. Gaikwad, M.V. Gaikwad, P.D. Lokhande, Iodine‐DMSO Catalyzed aromatization of PolysubstitutedCyclohexanone derivatives; An efficient methods for the synthesis of polyfunctionizedBiaryls derivatives, J. Appl. Organomet. Chem., 2021, 1, 1–8.[crossref], [Google Sholar], [Publisher]
[4] S. Fakhari, M. Jamzad, K.H. Fard, Photophysical, Photochemical and Photocatalytic Aspects of Metal Nanoparticles, Green Chem. Lett. Rev., 2019, 12, 19–24. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[5] S. Ahmed, Sh. Saifullah, M. Ahmad, B.L. Swami, S. Ikram,Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Azadirachtaindica aqueous leaf extract, J. Radiat. Res. Appl. Sci., 2016, 9, 1–7. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[6] G. Chen, I. Roy, C. Yang, P. Prasad,Nanochemistry and Nanomedicine for Nanoparticle-based Diagnostics and Therapy,Chem. Rev., 2016, 116, 2826–2885. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[7] S. Alizadeh; Z. Nazari, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Morphine@AuNPs Kit Based on PARAFAC, Adv. J. Chem. A, 2022, 5, 253-262. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[8] Guolong Gu, Chen Chen, Shichao Zhang, Bo Yin, Jianxin Wang. Self-Assembly Dual-Responsive NO Donor Nanoparticles for Effective Cancer Therapy. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2021, 13, 50682-50694[Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[9]M. Gaikwad, S. Gaikwad, R. Kamble, Synthesis of Novel Series of 1-(6-Hydroxy-4-(1H-indol-3-yl)-3,6-dimethyl- 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-indazol-5-yl)ethan-1-oneas Evaluations of their Antimicrobial Activity with Insilco Docking Study, J. Med. Chem. Sci., 2022, 5, 239-248. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[10] Y. Zhou, Y. Kong, S. Kundu, J.D. Cirillo, H. Liang,Antibacterial activities of gold and silver nanoparticles against Escherichia coli and bacillus Calmette-Guérin, J. Nanobiotechnol, 2012, 10, 1–9. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[11] X. Lu, H. Tuan, B.A. Korgel, Y. Xia, Facile Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles with Narrow Size Distribution by Using AuCl or AuBr as the Precursor, Chem. Eur. J.,2008, 14, 1584–1591. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[12] B.Tangeysh, K.M. Tibbetts, J.H. Odhner, B.B. Wayland, R.J. Levis,Gold Nanoparticle Synthesis Using Spatially and Temporally Shaped Femtosecond Laser Pulses: Post-Irradiation Auto-Reduction of Aqueous [AuCl4]−J. Phys. Chem. C.,2013, 117, 18719–18727. [Crossref], [Google Scholar],[Publisher]
[13] K. Soliwoda, M. Rosowski, E. Tomaszewska, B. Tkaczszczesna, G. Celichowski, M. Psarski, J. A. Grobelny, Synthesis of monodisperse gold nanoparticles via electrospray-assisted chemical reduction method in cyclohexane, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects,2015, 482, 148–153. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[14] G. Han, X. Wang, J. Hamel, H. Zhu, R. Sun, Lignin-AuNPs liquid marble for remotely-controllable detection of Pb2+, Sci. Rep.,2016, 6, 38164. [Crossref], [Google Scholar],[Publisher]
[15] X. Lin, J. Zhao, M. Wu, S. Kuga, Y. Huang, Green Synthesis of Gold, Platinum and Palladium Nanoparticles by Lignin and Hemicellulose, Res. Rev. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2016, 5, 14–18. [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[16] S. Chatterjee, T. Saito,Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials, Chem. Sus. Chem., 2015, 8, 3941–3958. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[17] L. Chen, Y. Shi, B. Gao, Y. Zhao, Y. Jiang, Z. Zha, W. Xue, L. Gong,Lignin Nanoparticles: Green Synthesis in a γ-Valerolactone/Water Binary Solvent and Application to Enhance Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils,ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng., 2019, 8, 714–722. [CrossRef],[Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[18] P. Elia, R. Zach, S. Hazan, S.Kolusheva, Z. Porat, Y. Zeiri, Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using plant extracts as reducing agents, Int. J. Nanomedicine., 2014, 9, 4007-4021.[Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[19] K.X. Lee, K. Shameli, M. Miyake, N. Kuwano, N.B. Bt Ahmad Khairudin, S.E. BtMohamad, Y.P. Yew,Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Aqueous Extract of Garciniamangostana Fruit Peels, J. Nanomater., 2016, 016, Article ID 8489094, 7. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[20] E. Rodríguez-León, E. Rodríguez-Vázquez, B.E.Martínez-Higuera, A. Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Mimosa tenuiflora Extract, Assessments of Cytotoxicity, Cellular Uptake, and Catalysis, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 2019,14, 334.[Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[21] A.H. Rahmani, F.M. Shabrmi, S.M. Aly,Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in the prevention and treatment of diseases via modulation of biological activities, Int J. Physiol Patho physiol Pharmacol., 2014, 12, 125-36. [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[22] M.A. Hossain, W.A.S. Al-Toubi, A.M. Weli, Q.A. Al-Riyami, J.l.N. Al-Sabahi,Identification and characterization of chemical compounds in different crude extracts from leaves of Omani neem, Journal of Taibah University for Science, 2013, 7, 181-188. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[23] K. Rashed, M. Butnariu,Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Bauhinia racemosa Lam. and Chemical Content, Iran J Pharm Res., 2014, 13, 1073–1080. [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[24] E.T. Al Samarrai, L.H. Alwan, S.A. Hussein Al-Haddad, M. Hamed Al Samarrai, M.S.M. Al-Obaidi, O.R. Al Samarrai, Spectrophotometric determination of phenobarbital in pharmaceutical preparation using gold nanoparticles, Eurasian Chem.Commun., 2022, 4, 812-825. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[25] R. Hajinasir, M.E. Jadidi,Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles via flaxseed aqueous extract,J. Appl. Organomet. Chem., 2022, 2, 101-108. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[26] B.R. Sharma, V. Kumar, S. Kumar, P.S. Panesar, Microwave assisted extraction of phytochemicals from Ficusracemosa, Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, 2020, 3, 100020.[Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[27] K. Muthu, S. Priya,Green synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles using Cassia auriculata flower extract separated fraction,SpectrochimicaActa Part A: Molecular and BiomolecularSpectroscopy, 2017, 179, 66-72. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[28] I. Kumar, M. Mondal, V. Meyappan, N. Sakthivel, Green one-pot synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Sansevieriaroxburghiana leaf extract for the catalytic degradation of toxic organic pollutants,Mater. Res. Bull., 2019, 117, 18-27. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[29] E. Al Samarrai, E.L. Alwan, S. Al-Haddad, M. Al Samarrai, M. Al-Obaidi, O. Al Samarrai, Spectrophotometric determination of phenobarbital in pharmaceutical preparation using gold nanoparticles, Eurasian Chem. Commun., 2022, 4, 812-825. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[30] F. Molani, F. Veisi, S.A. Mohammadiazar,A Nano-bio-eco Interaction to Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using TribulusTerrestrisExtract and its Antibacterial Activity, Adv. J. Chem. A, 2021, 4, 197-205. [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]